Visakhapatnam  District  is  one of  the  North  Eastern Coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh and it lies between 17o – 41′ and  17o-59′ Northern  latitude and 83o – 12′ and 83o – 27′ in Eastern longitude. It is bounded on the North by Vizianagaram District, on the South and West by Anakapalli District, and on the East by Bay of Bengal.


 Inscriptions indicate that the District was originally a part  of Kalinga Kingdom subsequently conquered by the Eastern Chalukyas in the 7th Century, A.D. who ruled over it with their Head Quarters at  Vengi.  This  District was also under the occupation of various rulers such  as the Reddy Rajahs of Kondaveedu, the Gajapathis of Orissa, the Nawabs of Golkonda and the Moghal Emperor Aurangazeb through a  Subedar.  This territory passed on to French occupation in view of succession  dispute among Andhra Kings and finally it came under the British Reign.  There were  no geographical grafting till 1936 in which year, consequent  on the formation  of  Orissa  State the Taluks namely Bissiom, Cuttack, Jayapore,  Koraput, Malkanagiri, Naurangapur, Pottangi and Rayagada in their entirety and parts of Gunpur, Paduva and Parvathipur Taluks  were transferred  to Orissa  State. The Visakhapatnam District   was reconstituted with the remaining area and residuary portions of  Ganjam District namely Sompeta, Tekkali and Srikakulam Taluks in entirety and portion of Parlakimidi, Ichchapuram, Berahmpur retained  in Madras presidency. With the passage of time, the reconstituted District  was found administratively unwieldy and therefore it was  bifurcated into Srikakulam  and Visakhapatnam districts  in  the year  1950. The residuary district of Visakhapatnam was further  bifurcated and the Taluks of Vizianagaram, Gajapathi nagaram, Srungavarapukota and portion of Bheemunipatnam  Taluk  were  transferred  to the newly created Vizianagaram District in the year 1979.

Coming  to etymology of the name Visakhapatnam, tradition has  it that  some centuries ago a King of Andhra Dynasty encamped on the  site of  the present Head Quarters Town of Visakhapatnam on his  pilgrimage to  Banaras  and being pleased with the place, had built  a  shrine  in honor of his  family deity called Visakeswara to the  South  of  the Lawson’s   Bay  from which the  district  has  derived its name as Visakheswarapuram  which subsequently changed to Visakhapatnam.  The encroachment of waves and currents of the sea supposed to have swept away the shrine into off shore area.



The District presents two distinct Geographic divisions.   The strip of the land along the coast and the interior called the plains division with Eastern ghats. Since no major Irrigation system  exists significant sub regional agronomic variations  exist  in this District.  Along the shore lies a series of salt and sandy swamps. The coast line is broken by a number of bald head lands, the important of them being the Dolphin’s Nose which had afforded the  establishment of Natural Harbor at Visakhapatnam, Rushikonda(v)  and the big Narasimha Hill at Bheemunipatnam.   Administratively, the District is divided into 2 Revenue Divisions and 10 Mandals.