Sarva Siksha Abhiyan is an Indian Government programme aimed at the universalization of elementary  education “in a time bound manner”, as mandated by the 86th Amendment to the Constitution of India, making free and compulsory education to children between the ages of 6 to 14 is a fundamental right. The programme was pioneered by former Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

As an intervention programme, SSA has been operational since 2000-2001. However, its roots go back to 1993- 1994, when the District Primary Education Programme (DPEP) was launched, with an aim of achieving the objective of universal primary education. DPEP, over several phases, covered 272 districts in 18 states of the country. The expenditure on the programme was shared by the Central Government (85%) and the State Governments (15%). The Central share was funded by a number of external agencies, including the World Bank, DFID and UNICEF. By 2001, more than US$1500 million had been committed to the programme and 50 million children covered in its ambit. In an impact assessment of Phase I of DPEP, the authors concluded that its net impact on minority children was impressive, while there was little evidence of any impact on the enrollment of girls. Nevertheless, they concluded that the investment in DPEP was not a waste, because it introduced a new approach to primary school interventions in India.

The Right to Education Act (RTE) came into force on 1 April 2010. Some educationists and policy makers believe that, with the passing of this act, SSA has acquired the necessary legal force for its implementation.

Role & Functionality of Dept.:

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is a programme for Universal Elementary Education. This programme is also an attempt to provide an opportunity for improving human capabilities to all children through provision of community-owned quality education in a mission mode. It is a response to the demand for quality basic education all over the country.

Main features 

  1. Programme with a clear time frame for universal elementary
  2. A response to the demand for quality basic education all over the
  • An opportunity for promoting social justice through basic
  1. An expression of political will for universal elementary education across the country
  2. A partnership between the central, state and the local
  3. An opportunity for states to develop their own vision of elementary
  • An effort at effective involving the Panchyati Raj Institutions, school management Committees, village and urban slum level Education Committees, Parent-Teacher Associations, Mother-Teacher Associations, Tribal Autonomous councils and other grassroot level structures in the management of elementary


α. To provide useful and elementary education for all children in the 6-14 age group.

β. To bridge social, regional and gender gaps with the active participation of community in the management of schools.

γ. To allow children to learn about and master their natural environment in order to develop their potential both spiritually and materially.

δ. To inculcate value-based learning this allows children an opportunity to work for each other’s well being rather than to permit mere selfish pursuits.

ε. Focus on elementary education of satisfactory quality with emphasis on education for life.

Literacy rate in the District (as per 2011 census): 

All Communities SC ST Minority
75.47 60.00 67.7 70.87 52.98 61.99 45.98 22.67 34.34 69.7 50.1 60

Source : Census (2011)

Lowest Literacy Mandals: Pedabayalu (33.2%)

Highest Literacy  MandalsVisakhapatnam(U) (75%)

District at a Glance:

Sl.No Indicators Number
1 No.of Mandal Resource Centres 43
2 No.of Educational Divisions 3
3 No.of School Complexes / Cluster Resource Centres 260
4 No.of KGBVs 34
5 No.of Muncipalities:2 + No. of Municipal Corporations: 1 3
6 No.of Villages 3294
7 No.of Panchayats 925
8 No.of Mpl. Wards 194
9 No.of Habitations 5607
10 Density of population(as per Sq.Km) (Census 2011) 384
11 Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 1000:1009
12 Growth Rate of Population (Census 2011) 11.89
13 SC Population 291219
14 ST Population 557572
15 Minority Population 113041

 Organizational Structure from Dist. Officers to the Lowest Level:

District Project Officer (DPO)  (1)
School Management Committees (SMC) (4003)
Mandal Resource Center (MRC) (43)
School Complex Resource Centers (260)


Schemes being implemented: 

  1. Academic support to Teachers / Schools
  2. Community Mobilization Activities
  • Alternative Schooling facility to Out of School Children (OSC)
  1. Inclusive Education to Children with Special Needs (CwSN)
  2. Planning wing
  3. Infrastructure facilities to Schools
  • Girl Child Development

Activities taken up : 

Academic support to Teachers / Schools

  1. Capacity building (Trainings) to Primary and Upper Primary school Teachers
  2. Providing Learning material and Library books to Upper Primary Schools
  3. Strengthening of School complexes for better monitoring
  4. Providing yearly grants to SMCs/CRCs/MRCs

Community Mobilization Activities 

  1. Conduct of Enrolment Drives like Badibaata, Badipilustundi, Manavooru Mana badi programmes
  2. Strengthening of School Management Committees and Awareness meetings to SMC Members
  • Providing Two Sets of Uniforms to1 to 8 class children
  1. Awareness on Educational Activities and Kalajathas on RTE and SSA
  2. Media and Publicity
  3. Community Ownership & Support like Badi Runam

Alternative Schooling facility to Out of School Children (OSC) 

α. Survey for Identification of Out of School / Dropout children (OSC)

β. Non Residential Special Training Centers (NRSTC) for short dropouts. γ. Seasonal Hostels for children belongs to Migrant children

δ. Transport Facility to the children belongs to the remote school less habitations.

Inclusive Education to Children with Special Needs (CwSN) Children 

  1. Survey for identification of
  2. Special training for CwSN using appropriate TLM
  3. Running of Inclusive Education Resource Centers (IERCs) for
  4. Supply of Aids and Appliances to the needy
  5. Providing Physiotherapy camps to the eligible children
  6. Providing Speech Therapy to the eligible children
  7. Providing Transport Facility to the children attending NRSTCs
  8. Providing Escort Facility to the children attending Regular schools with the support of
  9. Minor Corrective surgeries to the children in convergence with NGOs

Planning Wing 

  1. Collecting information through Unified District Information System on Education (UDISE)
  2. Preparation of Annual Work Plan &
  3. Aadhar Seeding
  4. Establishment of CAL Centers
  5. Supply of Educational CDs

Infrastructure facilities to Schools 

  1. Construction of Additional Class Rooms
  2. Construction of Boys Toilets, Separate Girls Toilets and CwSN
  • Providing Running water facility to
  1. Providing Drinking Water
  2. Providing Major Repairs to Primary and Upper Primary
  3. Toilet Maintenance charges for cleaning of

Girl Child Development 

  1. Conduct of awareness camps on Child Marriages, Empowerment, Carrier guidance and Health &
  2. Establishing of schools for OSC, Orphans and Semi Orphan Girls – Kasturibha Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs).
  • District Specific programme “Balika Telusuko” conducted under Girls Education intervention to create awareness among Adolescent Girls.District Specific programme “Balika Telusuko” conducted under Girls Education intervention to create awareness among Adolescent

Action plan for 2019-20 : 

Academic support to Teachers / Schools 

  1. Conduct of TLM melas at mandal level, division level and district level.
  2. Organization of study tours to the locally promote places / factories / industries / agricultural forms
  • Remedial teaching for slow learners for 45 days with modules
  1. Conduct of complex meetings using TLM modules and with trained rps
  2. Shala shiddhi programme
  3. Twining of schools / school partnership programme
  • ALA is implementing in 198 schools in the District.
  • Anandavedhika Programme has been conducting in all Govt. Schools in the District for 2019-20
  1. Teaching Learning Material / Books supplied to all Govt. Schools.
  2. School improvement programme has been taken in 40 High Schools / KGBVs in the District with the support of Dr.Reddy’s Foundation.
  3. Ganithavikasam (ABACUS) is implementing in 95 Upper Primary Schools in the District for the year 2019-20.
  • Ganithamithra implementing in 255 schools, Prerana Programme has been implementing in 11 ITDA Mandals, Multi Lingual Education (MLE ) is implemented in the Local Languages of Konda, Kuvi, Adivasi Oriya in ITDA schools.

Community Mobilization Activities 

  1. It is planned to provide 2 pairs of Uniforms to the students studying in all Govt. Management & Aided Schools.
  2. It is planned to provide Black Shoes and Socks to the students studying in Government Management Schools.
  • It is planned to propagate Success Stories of Community participation in providing Infrastructure Facilities to schools.
  1. It is planned to arrange Stalls in Independence Day & Republic Day celebrations.
  2. Conduct of National Educational Day celebrations on 11th
  3. It is planned to honor them with Appreciation Awards to Best School Management Committees.
  • It is planned to organize Community Meetings in Slum Areas.
  • It is planning to appoint Community Mobilizers in Tribal Area to Eradicate Extremism.
  1. It is planned to organize convergence meetings with line departments & NGOs to eradicate OSC.
  2. It is planned to organize distribution of awards on School Sanitation Programme on Swachh Bharat & Swachh Pakwada.

Alternative Schooling facility to Out of School Children (OSC) 

  1. Non-Residential Special Training Centers (NRST): Planning to open Non-Residential Special Training Centers for drop out children in Munchingput, Pedabayalu, Hukumpeta, Paderu, G.Madugula, Chinthapalli, G.K.Veedhi, Koyyuru, Dumbriguda, Ananthagiri, Arakuvalley, Nathavaram & Visakhapatnam U in School Premises under the supervision of school HM/School Complex HM and to engage teacher volunteer for 15 to 20 children with special
  2. Seasonal Hostels : Planning to open 16 Seasonal Hostels from October 2019 to March 2020 for migratory children. Each Hostel consists 50 We have identified 11 Mandals, where Migrant families are more i.e., Rambilli, Nathavaram, Koyyuru, Golugonda, Atchuthapuram and Kasimkota.
  • Transport Facility: Planning to provide transport facility to the 570 children (Primary and Upper Primar identified in 74 Remote habitation areas in the identified 12 remote

Hostel for Urban Deprived Children:

  1. Opened Urban Residential Hostels for Deprived children in the premises of namely URH -1, Arilova, URH -2, Anakapalli with a intake capacity of each Hotel 100 children. The hostel is being run by URH-1 CREDITS(NG0) and URH-2 Prathibha Educational Society(NGO) Anakapalli. 100 children were joined during the year 2019-20.

Inclusive Education to Children with Special Needs (CwSN) Children

  1. It is planned to conduct assessment camps for CwSN by professionals for providing Aids & Appliances in convergence with ALIMCO, RBSK (NRHM), Dept. of disabled welfare and Social Welfare , and to pay Travelling Allowance to children for attending assessment camps.
  2. It is planned to hire the services of Physiotherapists, Speech Therapists and Psychologists to continue the education of CwSN without any physical / mental
  • It is planned to organize Peer group sensitization programme on inclusion of CwSN in regular class
  1. It is planned to organize field trip to CwSN, their parents and IERTs in best practices of
  2. It is planned to construct ramps with rails and friendly toilets for easy access, enrollment and retention of CwSN in We are planning to provide Computer Education to all the NRSTCs in future.

Planning Wing 

  1. Unified District Information System on Education (UDISE) programme was completed for the year 2018-19.
  2. Annual Work Plan & Budget 2019-20 Prepared and submitted to SPD, , Amaravathi in the Month of May 2019
  3. Aadhar Seeding was completed during this

Infrastructure facilities to Schools 

  1. 5 Additional Class Rooms were sanctioned during 2019-20. Administrative sanction to be obtained from the District Collector & Chairman, SSA, Visakhapatnam .
  2. 69 New Toilets sanctioned during 2019-20. Administrative sanction to be obtained from the District Collector & Chairman, SSA, Visakhapatnam
  3. 82 Major repairs for PS / UPS sanctioned during 2019-20. Administrative sanction to be obtained from the District Collector & Chairman, SSA, Visakhapatnam.

Girl child Development 

A special orientation programme is conducted to Subject CRTs to strengthening of Academic Capabilities from 07.06.2019 to 11.06.2019.

α. Conduct special classes by experts in English, Maths & Science subjects for KGBV students who appearing SSC exams in March 2019.

β. Kitchen Gardens are established and maintained in all KGBVs and further steps are taken to improve the Nutritional Food.

γ. Planning to provide Solar power system in the KGBVs which are located in agency areas. δ. It is planned to install CC cameras in all KGBVs for security.

ε. It is proposed to conduct awareness programme to all Children in KGBVs on Life Skills and Carrier Guidance.

ζ. It is planned to distribute Sports shoes & Dresses to all KGBV students. η. Sport Meet, School Anniversaries to be conducted in KGBVs.

Scheme – wise targets & achievements till 31-07-19: 

Sl.No Major Component Budget Approved Opening Balance Budget released by SPO Total (OB+SPO) Expenditure upto 31-07-19
I Elementary Education
1 Residential School/Hostels
Residential Schools 0.000 5.466
Residential Hostels 0.000 1.321
2 Strenghtening of Esisting Schools 35.000 35.000 34.559
3 Transport & Escort Facilities 0.000 0.000
4 Free Uniform 0.000 0.000
5 Free Textbooks 0.000 0.000
6 Special Training of out of School Children 79.970 79.970 1.901
7 Media & Community Mobilization 0.000 0.000
8 Funds for Quality (LEP, Innovation, Guidance etc) 0.000 0.000
 Quality Components (Elementary) 0.000 4.011
Project Innovation (Elementry) 0.000 0.000
 Learning Enhancement Programme (LEP)  (Elementary) 0.000 0.000
9 Training for In-Service Teacher, Head Teachers and Tacher Educators 0.000 0.000
In-Service Training (I to VIII Class) 0.000 6.563
70. Induction Training (Elementary) 0.000 0.000
 Training of Resource Persons  & Master Trainers (Elementary) 0.000 0.000
School Leadership Training of Head Teachers/ Principals/RPs (Elementary)  0.000 0.000
Training of Educational Administrators (Elementary) 0.000 0.000
10 Composite School Grant 845.630 845.630 0.000
11 Libraries 0.000 0.000
12 Rastriya Aavishkar Abhiyan 0.000 0.000
13 Support at Pre-Primary Level 0.000 0.000
14 Academic suport through BRCs/URCS/CRCs 0.000 0.000
Bolck Resource Centres(BRCs) 177.600 177.600 103.207
Cluster Resource Centres(CRs) 245.600 245.600 91.199
15 Sports & Physical Education 0.000 0.000
16 Teacher Salary (HMs/teacher) 244.000 244.000 56.833
17 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs) 733.630 733.630 126.819
18 Provision for Children with special needs(CWSN) 15.590 15.590 10.982
19 Monitoring Information System 0.000 0.000
20 Program Management 211.560 211.560 157.871
  Total Elementary 0.000 186.203 2588.580 2774.783 600.731


Sl No Name of the Mandal Designation Mobile No. Mail Id
1 Visakhapatnam Project Officer, 9849909126
1 Anakapalli MEO 8978877162;
2 ANANDAPURAM MEO 9866901290
3 ANANTHAGIRI MEO 9441577383
4 Arakuvalley MEO 9490027935
8 CHEEDIKADA MEO 8985494112
9 CHINAGADILI MEO 9494187123
10 CHINTAPALLI MEO 9440439662
11 Chodavaram MEO 9985048072
12 Devarapalli MEO 9440133570
13 DUMBRIGUDA MEO 9490027935
14 G.K.VEEDHI MEO 9440409428
15 G.madugula MEO 9440409428
16 Gajuwaka MEO 9494187123
17 GOLUGONDA MEO 7981202867
18 Hukumpeta MEO 9493416039
19 K.KOTAPADU MEO 9949865793
20 KASIMKOTA MEO 9490744168;;
21 KOTAURATLA MEO 7981473067
22 Koyyuru MEO 9440439662
23 Makavarapalem MEO 9492589220
24 MUNAGAPAKA MEO 9493801750
25 MUNCHINGIPUT MEO 6302538628
26 NAKKAPALLI MEO 7981473067
27 NARSIPATNAM MEO 9492589220
28 NATHAVARAM MEO 9550770151
29 PADERU MEO 9491331764
30 PADMANABHAM MEO 9866901290
31 PARAVADA MEO 9494187123
33 Pedabayalu MEO 9490731524
34 Pendurthi MEO 9494187123
35 Pedagantyada MEO 9494187123
36 Rambilli MEO 9291605300
37 RAVIKAMATHAM MEO 9502720429
38 Rolugunta MEO 9949764864
39 Sabbavaram MEO 9490950434
40 S RAYAVARAM MEO 9885667413
41 V.MADUGULA MEO 9959988473
43 Yellamanchili MEO 9985576856