Agriculture is the main stray of nearly 70% of the households.Though Visakhapantam city is industrially developing, the rural areas continued to be backward. Rice is a staple food of the people and Paddy is therefore the principal food crop of the district followed by Ragi, Bajra and Jowar and Cash Crops such as Sugarcane,Groundnut, Sesamum, Niger and Chillies are important. Since there is no Major Irrigation system, only about 36% of the cropped area is irrigated under the Ayacut of the Medium Irrigation system and Minor Irrigation Tanks. The rest of the cultivated area is covered under dry crops depending upon the vagaries of the monsoon. The productivity of the crops are low.
Animal Husbandry is an important allied economic activity to Agriculture. Next to draught Animals which are main source of energy for Agriculture, Milch Animals, Sheep and Goat are important for income generation of the rural households. A sizable number of households earn subsidiary income by selling milk to Visakha Dairy and in Local markets. The total livestock of the district is 14.48 lakhs of which working animals account for 2.01 lakhs while milk Animals account for 3.28 lakhs. Goats and Sheep’s totaling up to 5.76 lakhs are important for the livelihood of the considerable population as per 2012 census.
It is another important economic activity of the fishermen population living in about 59 fishery villages and hamlets on coastline stretching to a length of 132 kms. covering 11 coastal mandals. About 13,000 fishermen families to takeout their livelihood from marine, Inland and brakish water fishing besides catching fish living around Thandava and Raiwada reservoirs. There is 118862.00 Tons of fish produced during 2015-16 with value of
The District has mineral deposits of Bauxite Apatite (Rock Phosphate) Calcite, Crystalline limestone confined to tribal tracts. Bauxite deposits at Sapparla, Jerrila and Gudem of G.K.Veedhi Mandal are considered to be the largest in the country. Bauxite deposits are also identified at Galikonda, Katuki, Chittemgondi of Araku group deposits, Katamrajukonda of Gurthedu sub-group of deposits. Phosphate Apatite is available in Kasipatnam village of Ananthagiri mandal. Rich deposits of Crystalline limestone and Calcite are mapped in Borra Caves and along the Valley up to Araku from Borra and around Valasi village of Ananthagiri mandal. Ruby Mica is another mineral available in the District essential for electrical and electronic industries. The mineral occurs in the form of Phologopite and is confined to Borra tract.
Quartz is another mineral found mostly in Bheemunipatnam, Padmanabham, Devarapalli, K.Kotapadu and Ananthagiri mandals.Vermiculate found near Kasipatnam of Ananthagiri mandal. Clay deposits near Malivalasa of Araku mandal are identified. Limeshell useful for manufacture of chemical grade lime is also available in the district. Red and Yellow ochre deposits are also identified in Araku and Ananthagiri mandals.
Industrial Development is conspicuous in Visakhapatnam urban agglomeration with the large scale industries like Hindustan Shipyard, Hindustan Petroleum Corporation, Coromandal Fertilizers, Bharat Heavy Plates and Vessels, L.G.Polymers Ltd.,Hindustan Zinc Plant and the recent giant Visakhapatnam Steel Plant and a host of other ancillary Industries. The Visakhapatnam Steel Plant is the biggest with an authorized share capital of
Rs.7466 crores with a licensed capacity of 2.8 Million Tons of salable steel 3.0 Million Tons of Pig Iron and 8.32 lakhs Tons of by product. About 34,000 persons expected to be employed. The project has provided employment to 33000 persons. On the country side the agro based industries like Sugar Factories, Jute Mills and Rice Mills are there besides brick and tile units. The District has 1664 registered factories under factories Act functioning with a working force of about 1,50,386 persons during 2015-16.
SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONE
The Government of Andhra Pradesh has established Andhra Pradesh Special Economic Zone in Visakhapatnam District for which it has acquired Ac.9200.27 Cts in Rambilli and Atchuthapuram Mandals of Visakhapatnam District. So far an extent of Ac.6922.29 Cts private land was acquired and an extent of Ac.2277.98 Cts of Government land was alienated. There are 27 villages covering about 3125 families are falling within the periphery of the land acquired including the Duppituru village which was recently ordered for shifting by the V.C.& M.D., APIIC.A layout with an extent of Ac.458.71 Cts is being developed at Dibbapalem village of Atchuthapuram Mandal with 4100 plots to resettle the above families. The infrastructure works like formation of roads, drains, electricity, drinking water, school buildings etc.,are under progress.
Power consumption by industries is 373.58 Million KWH while 176.33 for Agricultural purposes. All 5030 villages in the District (including hamlets) have been electrified including solar power system during 2015-16.
TRANSPORT & COMMUNICATIONS
The District has a Road length of 7926.08 kms. of which the National Highway runs to a length of 17.45 kms State Highways at a length of 335.78 kms and the balance forms the roads maintained by Roads and Buildings, Zilla Praja Parishad and Mandal Praja Parishads.The District has a Railway route length of 82.13 Kms of Broad Gauge and 10 Railway Stations.The numbers of Vehicles registered during 2015-16 are 11,56,014 of which 5,44,754 are Motor Vehicles and 5,80,594 are Motor Cycles. The total number of Motor vehicles on road are 10,42,458 in different classes. There are 674 Post Offices and 110 Telephone Exchanges with 94,860 telephone connections in the District. There are 1155 Community Radio sets and 89 Television sets are working.
PRINCIPAL SOURCE OF REVENUE:
The major principal source of revenue collection of Rs.239341.97 lakhs from state and Rs.143346.00 lakhs from Central during 2015-16.
There are 707 Bank Branches including Cooperative Banks in the district to look after the credit needs of the people.43,582 Self Help Groups are functioning with bank linkage.
EDUCATIONAL AND MEDICAL FACILITIES
There are 3417 Primary Schools with 3.11 lakhs children on enrolment, 801 Upper Primary Schools with an enrolment of 1.22 lakhs, 986 High Schools with 1.73 lakhs pupils on roll, 543 Junior,Degree and Professional Institutions with 1.99 lakhs students during 2015-16.Regarding Medical facilities, there are 108 Government Hospitals and dispensaries for Allopathic with 1036 bed-strength and 172 Doctors and 38 Hospitals and dispensaries for Indian Medicine (Ayurvedic, Homeopathy, Naturopathy and Unani) with 26 Doctors during 2015-16.